Compliance & Regulations

The APA Visa Paycard Portal provides employers with valuable resources relating to permissible methods of wage payment and focuses on the legal requirements governing paycards. The Paycard Portal provides employers with important information on how to integrate paycards into their wage payment programs, and keeps them up to date on this rapidly developing area of the law. For individual federal and state statutes, use the box below to filter articles by federal or a specific state.

Continue on for additional discussion of issues regarding payroll cards.

The material provided on the APA Visa Paycard Portal is for informational purposes only and is not to be considered tax, legal, or financial advice, analysis, or opinion. Readers are reminded that they are solely responsible for complying with federal and state employment laws and are encouraged to seek competent legal authority before taking action based on this material.

Compliance & Regulations Updates

National Updates

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (PDF)

General Counsel Opinion No. 8: Insurability of Funds Underlying Stored Value Cards (published November 13, 2008) Affirms that funds underlying stored value products (including payroll cards) are considered insurable deposits if they have been placed at an insured depository institution. The holder of the account (e.g., the employee) will be treated as the owner of the funds if the FDIC's standard requirements for pass through insurance are satisfied. Otherwise, the account holder will be deemed the owner.

- 12/12/2012

Federal Regulations (PDF)

Title 12: Banks and Banking Part 205 - Electronic Fund Transfers (Regulation E) Authority. The regulation in this part, known as Regulation E, is issued by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System pursuant to the Electronic Fund Transfer Act (15 U.S.C. 1693 et seq.). The information-collection requirements have been approved by the Office of Management and Budget under 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq. and have been assigned OMB No. 7100-0200. Purpose. This part carries out the purposes of the Electronic Fund Transfer Act, which establishes the basic rights, liabilities, and responsibilities of consumers who use electronic fund transfer services and of financial institutions that offer these services. The primary objective of the act and this part is the protection of individual consumers engaging in electronic fund transfers.

- 12/12/2012

Federal Reserve Board Docs Related to Regulation E & Paycards (PDF)

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System Dated August 24, 2006 Electronic Fund Transfers, Final Rule The Board is amending Regulation E, which implements the Electronic Fund Transfer Act, and the official staff commentary to the regulation, which interprets the requirements of Regulation E. The final rule provides that Regulation E covers payroll card accounts that are established directly or indirectly through an employer, and to which transfers of the consumer's salary, wages, or other employee compensation are made on a recurring basis. The final rule also provides financial institutions with an alternative to providing periodic statements for payroll card accounts if they make account information available to consumers by specified means. This final rule is effective July 1, 2007. The Board is amending Regulation E, which implements the Electronic Fund Transfer Act, and the official staff commentary to the regulation, which interprets the requirements of Regulation E. The final rule provides that Regulation E covers payroll card accounts that are established directly or indirectly through an employer, and to which transfers of the consumer's salary, wages, or other employee compensation are made on a recurring basis. The final rule also provides financial institutions with an alternative to providing periodic statements for payroll card accounts if they make account information available to consumers by specified means. This final rule is effective July 1, 2007.

- 12/12/2012

Office of the Comptroller of the Currency Documents Related to Paycards (PDF)

OCC Advisory Letter AL 2004-6 Concerning Payroll Card Systems This advisory is in response to inquiries that the OCC has received from bankers and examiners regarding supervisory expectations for payroll card systems. Increasing numbers of national banks are offering payroll cards and other pre-paid payment services. The OCC has found that such activities are part of the business of banking. General background information on this new product, which can be particularly useful for serving persons without bank accounts, can be found in an analysis prepared by the OCC Community Affairs Department.

- 12/12/2012

Arizona Legislature (PDF)

HB 2151 (Chapter 193)
Effective July 20, 2011
Amends Arizona Revised Statutes sections 23-350 and 23-351 to permit the deposit of wages to a payroll card account if an employee has been offered direct deposit but does not provide consent or designate a financial institution for the deposit. Requires that whenever an employee's wages are deposited to a payroll card account, the employee be provided with a statement of earnings and deductions, one free withdrawal for each deposit of wages per pay period, and a list of fees associated with the use of the payroll card account.

- 05/05/2015

California Division Labor Standards Enforcement (PDF)

Opinion Letter No. 2008.07.07 The DLSE takes the position that payroll cards (at least the ones under review) involve both the direct deposit of wages and a means of accessing those wages using an electronic card. Accordingly, the program must satisfy the requirements set forth in Labor Code section 213(d) for direct deposit including the requirement that the employee participation be voluntary. In addition, the program must satisfy the requirements for payment using an acknowledgement of indebtedness under section 212(a) such as the requirement that wages be payable in cash on demand, without discount, at an established place of business in the state. According to the DLSE, one transaction each pay period without fees each pay period satisfied the requirement that wages be payable on demand without discount.

- 12/31/2011

Colorado Legislature (PDF)

SB 120 (Ch. 56 2008) Effective August 2008 Amends section 8-4-102 of the Colorado Revised Statutes, and provides that an employer may deposit wages on a paycard so long as the employee (1) is provided a free means of access to the entire amount of net pay at least once per pay period, or (2) may choose to be paid using another authorized method of wage payment (e.g., cash, checks or direct deposit).

- 12/12/2012

Delaware Department of Labor (PDF)

Adopts Regulations on Payroll Debit Cards CDR 65-400-013 Effective June 14, 2004 The Delaware Department of Labor has adopted regulations regarding payroll debit cards. The regulations allow employers to compensate their employees using payroll debit cards that are the functional equivalent of cash or a check.The regulations define "functional equivalent" to mean that the employee must have access to his or her full wages from the payroll debit card on payday without cost to the employee. The Delaware Department of Labor has adopted final regulations regarding payroll debit cards. An employer may create a payroll debit card system to pay its workers as long as it complies with all of the substantive requirements of the Delaware Wage Payment and Collection Act.

- 12/12/2012

Florida Legislature (PDF)

HB 569 (Ch. 140 2009) Effective July 1, 2009 Amends section 532.01 of the Florida Statutes to include payroll debit cards on the list of permissible method of wage payment.

- 12/12/2012

Hawaii Legislature (PDF)

HB 1814 (Act 208)
Effective September 1, 2014
Adds section 388-5.7 to the Hawaii Revised Statutes permitting the payment of wages using a pay card with the employee's voluntary authorization and provided certain conditions are met. Among other things, these conditions address written disclosures, alternative payment options, access to account information and cash wages without cost, fee prohibitions, and timely payment of wages to the payroll card account.

- 05/05/2015

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